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Texas Seed Trade Association Hosts Timpson ISD FFA TeamTexas Seed Trade Association Hosts Timpson ISD FFA Team
Oct 20

TSTA Weekly Update, 10/20/2022

Weekly Update from the Texas Seed Trade Association
Member News

Attention Sorghum, Sunflower, and Millet Seed Producers


It's Growout time again. We've reached out to our friends and cooperators in Puerto Rico. Carmen Santiago reports the Gan Eden Farm is a shambles and they lost nearly everything. She reports they are resilient however and they intend to persevere and are preparing for the Texas winter growouts. Apparently not their first rodeo.  


First planting dates are scheduled for Costa Rica and are tentative for November 15.  


Please download the growout planning & intention form found here for more information and to submit your estimates. Thank you and we'll forward more info as it is available.  


Reserve the dates!  The annual Texas Seed Trade Association conference will be February 12 and 13th, 2023 at Horseshoe Bay Resort.  Rooms will be available from Saturday night February 11th with departure on Tuesday February 14.  Super Bowl Sunday is the 12th.  Plan to join us!  Details to follow.  


Western Seed Association will convene their annual meeting on Monday October 31 at the Westin Crown Center Hotel in Kansas City, MO.  The meeting begins with a reception Monday evening at 6:00PM and transitions into the ASTA Farm and Lawn Seed Conference on Wednesday November 2.  


Please visit for more information and to register for the event.  

ASTA’s largest event of the year, the CSS & Seed Expo 2022, will be opening soon for attendee registration, along with the new menu of sponsorship opportunities at all events for the coming fiscal year (July to June).

After 76 years, the CSS & Seed Expo returns to Chicago, IL for one last time this December 5-8, before the conference moves in 2023 to the Hyatt Regency Orlando for the foreseeable future.

With a theme of “Farewell Chicago,” the event’s website offers tools to submit your favorite conference memories for the many attendees who have been coming to Chicago each December year after year, many for over 30 years and counting.

Already featuring over 70 exhibitors, this year is anticipated to represent a return in full force after smaller numbers in 2021 due to the pandemic.

Visit ASTA Events at for more information.


Editor's Note: ASTA is headed to Florida. Please join us at the last Chicago CSS meeting!

Texas Plant Protection Conference Dec. 6-7 in Bryan

Changing markets, pesticide, fertilizer, weather outlook to be discussed


BRYAN - The agricultural industry is changing, and the upcoming Texas Plant Protection Conference is an opportunity to learn about responding to these changes.

Ronnie Schnell, Texas Plant Protection Association president and Texas A&M AgriLife Research & Extension specialist, invites farmers, ranchers, crop consultants, Extension and other ag industry professionals to a two-day conference Dec. 6-7 at the 34th Annual Texas Plant Protection Conference at the Brazos Center in Bryan, Texas. Ag leaders will discuss changing markets, changing pesticide and fertilizer outlooks as well as changing weather patterns and the impact of these changes on Texas agriculture.

The conference begins with a general session. Following a welcome by Dr. Jeffrey Savell, Vice Chancellor and Dean of Agriculture and Life Sciences for Texas A & M AgriLife, Dr. Mark Welch, Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service grain marketing economist, will discuss “Global Markets Outlook and Impact on Texas Agriculture”.


After a short break to view ag research posters and industry displays, Chris Novak, President & CEO of CropLife America, will present information on “The Pesticide Forecast- Innovation, Opportunity & Challenge”.  Toby Hlavinka, President & CEO of American Plant Food Corporation, will discuss “Fertilizer – Supply & Pricing Outlook”. The morning session ends with a presentation on “Weather Patterns Impact on Texas Agriculture” by Eric Snodgrass, Science Fellow and Principal Atmospheric Scientist with Nutrien Ag Solutions.


After lunch, the afternoon Consultant Session includes discussions on “Gossypol-free Cottonseed Could Help Solve World Hunger’ by Keerti Rathore with Texas A & M University. Dalton Ludwick, Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Entomology Specialist, will present information on “Stink Bug Control in Sorghum”. “An update on “Carbon Credit Contracts” will be presented by Tiffany Lashmet, J.D., Texas A & M AgriLife Extension Law Specialist.


Following an afternoon break, Dr. Barron Rector, AgriLife Extension range specialist, will conduct his Pest ID Contest. It’s a fun way to learn more about ag pest in Texas. The first day of the conference ends with New Technology & Chemistry updates by industry technical specialists.


The second day of the conference begins with a Law & Regulations Session that includes an update from Perry Cervantes with the Texas Department of Agriculture. Then “Federal Pesticide Policy Updates” will be led by Rod Snyder, Senior Advisor for Agriculture to the EPA Administrator in Washington, DC.


The remainder of the program consists of concurrent sessions on Cotton, Horticulture/Turf, Grain, Pasture & Rangeland, Water& Irrigation and Fertility Management. These sessions feature the latest from Texas A&M AgriLife and industry leaders.


Ray Smith, the Texas Plant Protection Association Board Chairman, reminds conference attendees to be sure and attend the Awards Luncheon at noon on the second day of the conference.  Several TPPA Awards are presented including the Norman Borlaug Lifetime Achievement Award.


Continuing Education Credits (CEUs) will be offered for both TDA and CCA.  For more information or to register to attend the conference either in person or virtually visit the TPPA website: . Discounts are available for early registration and for farmers.

Independent Professional Seed Association (IPSA)


IPSA's 34rd annual conference will be held January 23-24, 2023 in Tucson, AZ.


There are some different things this year we would like to cover:


• We will have all receptions on site this year to take advantage of the beautiful scenery of the JW Marriott Starr Pass Resort! One of the receptions is titles the "Legends of Independence" where we will have a chili cook off and a salsa competition. During your registration, you will have the ability to register for each of those events - or judge!


• We will be offering a Flash Networking corner for you have quick 20-minute meetings during breaks! This is very new to IPSA and we hope this will bring a new benefit to our conference. These meetings will need to be prescheduled and can be done on the Conference App! For questions, please contact Cat at 


• In the agenda this year, we have built in a large amount of time for networking and visiting the exhibitors.


For more information click here.

In an effort to update and maintain our membership records we request you take a few moments and fill out the very brief info request at the following link.


The link is secure and the information will be used internally by the Texas Seed Trade Association and never shared without your permission. This request is on behalf of your association's board of directors and officers and we greatly appreciate your cooperation. Thank you!


10/20/22 - If you have not updated your information please take a moment and do so now. We appreciate it! We continue to update this database and need your input!

News Bits


The USDA says the U.S. corn and soybean harvests made solid advances over the past week. There was precipitation in parts of the Midwest and Plains over the past week, including snow in some northern areas, but overall, conditions allowed for good progress, with more generally dry weather expected this week.


As of Sunday, 45% of the U.S. corn crop is harvested, compared to the five-year average of 40%, with 94% of the crop mature, compared to 92% on average, and 53% rated good to excellent, down 1%.


63% of soybeans are harvested, compared to 52% on average, and 96% are dropping leaves, compared to the normal rate of 94%, with 57% of soybeans called good to excellent, unchanged on the week.


69% of winter wheat is planted, compared to 68% typically in mid-October and 38% has emerged, compared to 44% on average.


37% of cotton has been harvested, compared to 32% typically this time of year, and 89% of bolls have opened, compared to 87% on average, with 31% of the crop in good to excellent shape, up 1%.


89% of rice is harvested, compared to the five-year average of 90%.


23% of U.S. pastures and rangelands are in good to excellent condition, steady with a week ago.


Agricultural losses in Florida from Hurricane Ian could reach nearly $1.6 billion, according to a preliminary assessment of damage by the University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences.


The institute estimates there were $208 million to $394 million in losses to vegetable and melon crops and another $147 million to $304 million in damage to the state's citrus industry. Losses to the horticultural sector could total as much as $297 million and the damage to the livestock industry could reach $222 million.


The region hit by the hurricane typically produces more than $8.1 billion in agricultural products a year.


Jim Wiesemeyer,


Levels of the Mississippi River in Memphis have just hit a new all-time low record of -10.77 feet. Meanwhile, companies are not loading as much cargo onto ships - so they can travel safely and not bottom out - while fewer barges are included in each tow.


According to the American Commercial Barge Line, the industry has agreed to a 25-barge tow max size, which translates into around a 17-38% reduction in capacity.


Dredging by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers has been helpful to keep the traffic flowing, but new challenging spots can surface any day.


To continue reading article, Click Here


Source: National Corn Growers Association news release


With the Department of Energy's announcement to release 15 million barrels of oil from the Strategic Petroleum Reserve, the National Corn Growers Association (NCGA) called on policymakers to advance ethanol as a solution to increase the nation's fuel supply and lower prices for American consumers at the pump. NCGA also highlighted a new report that found nationwide E15 sales would save drivers over $20 billion in annual fuel costs.


"We welcome the administration's continued focus on energy security, but we can't lose sight of the need for long-term solutions," NCGA Vice President of Public Policy Brooke Appleton said. "While a further SPR release may provide some short-term relief, expanding access to higher biofuel blends and advancing fuel policy solutions help extend fuel supplies, lower costs for consumers and shore-up America's energy security for the long run."


Ethanol adds nearly 15 billion gallons to our fuel supply every year, lowering demand for high-cost oil while increasing the total fuel available to consumers. Ethanol also costs less than gasoline. When gas prices climbed to all-time highs during the summer, NCGA reminded policymakers that ethanol was priced $1 per gallon less than unblended gasoline at wholesale and drivers are still saving up to30 cents or more per gallon where retailers offer E15. 


Michelle Rook,


Soli health practices can help Flip Your Soil from good to great. These practices are also part of the new Climate Smart Agriculture push to sequester carbon and lower greenhouse gases.


USDA recently announced nearly $3 billion in funding for climate smart agriculture projects, but this isn't a new concept for many farmers, they've been climate smart for years. Nebraska Natural Resource Conservation Service (NRCS) State Conservationist Robert Lawson says it's just a new name for the many conservation practices growers are utilizing on their farms. "So, when we talk about climate smart ag, we talk about the practices we are implementing day in an day out. So whether that's no-till, cover crops, crop rotation, nutrient management, those are some of the specific practices."


The goal, he says, is to improve soil health and promote carbon sequestration. "Using no-till, cover crops that's helping to build the organic matter over time and that is only helping improve the soil, reducing erosion and also improving water quality as well."


To read entire report, Click Here


Texas Seed Trade Association Hosts Timpson ISD FFA Team

TSTA staff

Members of the Timpson FFA Chapter visited the Texas Seed Trade Association today as a part of their preparation for an upcoming Ag Issues Forum competition. The team of five talented young ladies, led by Timpson ISD faculty member Kaelee Fallin, presented a "pro/con" verbal, illustrated, essay on pesticides with an emphasis on insecticides.  Included in the presentation was why we "should use" crop protection products, and, why we "should phase out" crop protection products.  


Rules of the contest require a balanced approach representing logical arguments on both sides of an issue. Though the team all have farm and ranch backgrounds they did an admirable job of balancing both sides of the "pro" versus "con" regarding the use of insecticides despite all members favoring judicious use of crop protection products when necessary.  


After their presentation TSTA staff asked questions and then participated in a constructive review of the content of the forum. The team came a long way from Deep East Texas to see us and we appreciate their time, trouble and consideration. They're off to Austin for more practice later today and tomorrow. We wish them good luck but believe their skills will prevail more than their luck.  

Europe’s first gene-edited wheat trials see breakthrough

Farmer's Weekly, by Tom Allen Stevens


Preliminary results from Europe’s first field trials of gene-edited (GE) wheat have indicated there’s no yield or other agronomic penalty from the precision-breeding technique.


This means that precise edits can now be made to a wheat genome to improve its performance and specific grain qualities that currently take many years to change using conventional breeding techniques.

See also: Why breeders are looking at the past for tomorrow’s wheats


“This has been the first real test of the technology in wheat in the field in Europe, and it’s a very significant finding,” notes Nigel Halford, whose team at Rothamsted Research carried out the landmark trials.

“There are many agronomic factors we’re still analysing, but there’s no great difference in yield, although thousand grain weight (TGW) appears slightly reduced. What’s also significant is that grain sulphur levels have actually improved.”


The field trials sown last October were set up to test a wheat that has been altered using Crispr-Cas9 editing to have very low levels of asparagine.


“This is an amino acid that occurs naturally in cereals, but during cooking at high temperature, such as baking or toasting, asparagine is converted to acrylamide,” explains Prof Halford.


“This is a carcinogen and the EU introduced benchmark levels on how much acrylamide is allowed in wheat-based food, such as breakfast cereals, bread and biscuits, in 2017.


“These rolled over into UK law after Brexit. The EU is already considering going further by imposing maximum levels, over which it would be illegal to sell a product.”


The variety on trial was Cadenza, with lines that had the gene responsible for most asparagine accumulation in the grain “knocked out” using the precision breeding technique.


Also in the trial was Claire, where the gene had been knocked out by treating seeds with a chemical – a much older technique, targeting induced local lesions in genomes, sometimes known as TILLING.


Although this is viewed as a conventional breeding technique, it’s a more laborious process and much less precise, explains Sarah Raffan, who works alongside Prof Halford at Rothamsted.


“The TILLING lines yielded significantly lower than the control lines of Claire we had in the trial,” she says.

“They also had a lower TGW, while NDVI [normalised difference vegetation index] scans through the season suggested lower biomass.


“TILLING introduces tens of thousands of random mutations in each seed, almost all unrelated to the target gene. It takes many crosses to get rid of these, and any that are close to the target gene may be difficult or impossible to cross out. It’s likely that this genetic baggage caused the performance lag.”


All of the mutated lines, whether GE or TILLING, showed higher levels of grain sulphur, which helps to lower levels of acrylamide.  Full analysis of the samples has yet to be completed, including confirmation of asparagine levels, but the trials are already seen as a “fantastic step forward” for GE in the UK.


“By using this intervention, we’ve achieved a triple knock-out,” explains Dr Raffan.  “This is where sections of the ASN2 gene have been removed on all three of the wheat genomes, without any other change to the host plant. It has an asparagine level of just 30% compared with a non-edited comparison. We also have lines with an additional edit in an ASN1 gene, and these have even lower asparagine levels."  


“These will be included in this year’s field trial.”

The selected TILLING lines, however, each had a mutation in just one of the ASN2 genes, Dr Raffan continues.


“One of our breeder partners has been stacking the mutated genes in the Claire background for us.

“This is extremely laborious and time-consuming, and we only had partial knockouts in the first field trial. We will be including triple TILLING knock-outs in year two, although the yield penalty is a concern.”


Provided all goes well with the tests on the material from this year’s harvest and with subsequent trials, GE germplasm could be handed to breeders.  Several major UK breeders are partners in the project, so theoretically the trait could be introduced across UK bread and biscuit wheats.


“However, this will only happen if appropriate regulations are put in place, that are science and risk-based,” notes Prof Halford. “Otherwise plant breeders cannot be expected to make the investment”. Low asparagine varieties could start appearing in National List trials in as little as five to 10 years’ time, says Dr Raffan.


“Had the regulations changed sooner, we could have done field trials earlier, but we are glad to see that things are now moving. The advantage of GE is that you can introduce changes in just one generation, while making the same improvement using conventional techniques may take many years or in some cases may not be possible at all."  


“At the moment, we have only made the edit to a limited number of varieties, but it is now possible to edit most wheat varieties, or once an edit has been made the trait can be crossed into any breeding program using conventional breeding.”


The team is also researching other amino acids, she continues. “We’ve just started looking at raising levels of lysine, using our low asparagine wheat as the starting material.  “Lysine is an important constituent of animal feed, especially for pigs and chickens, and is mainly provided through imported soya. If all goes well, using GE we could have high-lysine wheat in field trials within the next five years.”


The gene responsible for most of the production of amino acid in the grain, asparagine synthetase 2 (ASN2), was discovered several years ago.  “There are actually five asparagine synthetase genes, but ASN2 is by far the most active in the grain,” notes Prof Halford.


It’s possible, through marker-assisted breeding, to select lines without the gene, but there’s a snag with attempting to do this conventionally.  “Wheat is hexaploid, which means it has three copies of its genome, that we refer to as A, B and D,” he continues.

“Many varieties, including Claire, lack an ASN2 gene on the B genome due to a natural mutation that occurred before wheat was domesticated. Ironically, this was a much bigger genetic event than anything we have done by GE.


“Breeders could select lines carrying this natural mutation, but to produce a variety lacking the gene on all three genomes through conventional techniques would be impossible.”


And this is why Prof Halford and his team have turned to GE to alter the plant DNA. Crispr-Cas9 is a GE technique whereby GM is used to introduce genes encoding short RNA sequences (guide RNAs, or gRNAs) into the host plant, alongside a gene encoding Cas9 enzyme.


The gRNAs recognise specific stretches of genetic code, targeting the Cas9 enzyme to the target gene, where it cuts the DNA.  The cell tries to repair the damage, and that’s when the mutation occurs.

By using different gRNAs and techniques, researchers can deactivate or alter – edit – specific parts of the genome, thereby conferring traits, such as low asparagine. Once the edit is done, the GM components can be crossed away using conventional breeding techniques.


The Rothamsted team successfully edited the Cadenza DNA to deactivate the ASN2 gene on all three copies of its genome – a ‘triple knock-out’.  But one of the hold-ups in the development of the GE lines has been regulation.


“Field trials are a crucial step in the development of any new trait – although we’ve grown the GE lines in the lab, it’s not until you put them in the field that you know how they will perform yield-wise or interact with their environment,” explains Prof Halford.  “We also need to know whether the edit causes changes to grain proteins.


“But GE crops have been treated as genetically modified organisms under EU regulations, which makes trials difficult and prohibitively expensive.  These regulations rolled over into UK law at Brexit, and our first field trial was run under those regulations.”


However, the UK government has passed a statutory instrument that changed the law to make field trials of GE plants much easier, as long as any GM elements are not present in the plants.  "We now have some plants from our edited lines that are GM-free and are, therefore, ‘qualifying higher plants’ under the new field trial rules.  We can grow those plants anywhere as long as we notify Defra, and we will be bulking up the seed for a full field trial in 2023-24,” says Prof Halford.


The new rules on field trials came into force in March this year, and events are now moving apace.  The Genetic Technology (Precision Breeding) Bill that is passing through parliament will set out new regulations aimed at facilitating the commercial breeding and marketing of GE plants, or precision-bred organisms, as they are referred to in the bill.


“This is a massive, long-overdue step forward for crop biotechnology in the UK,” he says.  “The technology is developing very fast: there are new Crispr techniques that don’t involve a GM step at all.  “What’s more, there are methods that use a DNA template to change a gene so that it still makes a functional protein, but some characteristics of the protein are changed, rather than just knocking the gene out."


“So it is a very exciting time to be involved in plant biotech,” he concludes.


Editor's Note: It has been a long and difficult struggle for British researchers to gain access to modern plant breeding techniques.  It was one of the prime reasons for their disaffiliation with the European Union which still does not allow modern plant breeding techniques lumping gene editing in with genetic modification for regulatory purposes.  We are pleased that the UK has passed legislation allowing gene editing as the quality of British researchers is simply too valuable for advancing food production and nutrition.  Denying advanced techniques access to this research pool was ludicrous.  

 EPA punts glyphosate decision

Agency scraps Trump-era review, starts over

by Britt E. Erickson 

From Chemical & Engineering News


The US Environmental Protection Agency is unable to meet a court-ordered deadline to assess the ecological risks of the herbicide glyphosate, the agency announced Sept. 23. Rather than fixing parts of its glyphosate assessment, as required by the court, the agency has decided to completely redo it.


Glyphosate products can remain on the market while the EPA does the assessment. The agency expects to complete it by 2026.


The EPA conducted human-health and ecological risk assessments for glyphosate under the administration of Donald J. Trump. In an interim decision published in early 2020, the agency concluded that glyphosate poses no risks to human health. The EPA allowed the widely-used herbicide to stay on the market with label changes to manage spray drift and herbicide resistance.


Environmental groups challenged the decision in March 2020. In June 2022, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit ordered the EPA to reevaluate the cancer risks of glyphosate, particularly for farmworkers. The court also ordered the agency to reassess the ecological risks of glyphosate, including its impact on endangered species, by Oct. 1.


The EPA is consulting with the US Fish and Wildlife Service and the National Marine Fisheries Service to determine how best to manage the risks of glyphosate to endangered species. In late 2020, it declared that glyphosate is likely to adversely affect 93% of threatened and endangered species.


Petitioners in the 2020 lawsuit have mixed reactions to the EPA’s withdrawal of the glyphosate decision. “On the one hand, today is another major victory: EPA has now conceded defeat for all of the broken interim registration,” Amy van Saun, senior attorney at the Center for Food Safety and lead counsel in the case, says in a statement. “On the other hand, today’s announcement is also an irresponsible cop-out to try and get around the Court’s deadline to fix its legal violations,” she says. “And in the meantime, EPA is letting glyphosate be sold and sprayed, despite outstanding major questions about its health and environmental safety.”


Editor's Note: We reported on this in a previous Weekly Update but felt it warranted re-communication. Interesting for several reasons: regardless of court order the EPA cannot do the un-doable regarding a rereview in such an absurdly short time period as was imposed by the Ninth Circuit. Interesting, too, as is leaves the tolerances, labeling, and health advisories unchanged until at least 2026 when the re-review is completed. We have some level of anticipation the human health profile will likely remain similar with regard to cancer risk for handlers. Of perhaps more potential for trouble is the preliminary estimates that glyphosate may negatively impact 93% of "all" threatened and endangered species? Not sure where that estimate comes from but perhaps we'll learn more about that during the next three 


Oct. 20, 2022


Source: Plant Based Treaty news release


LOS ANGELES, Calif.- Today, the Los Angeles City Council voted unanimously to adopt its resolution in support of the global Plant Based Treaty initiative.


"This landmark resolution marks a vital cultural shift as Americans prioritize both combating climate change and improving their health," said Councilmember Paul Koretz, who introduced the resolution with Councilmember Marqueece Harris-Dawson on September 6. "As over 2,200 municipalities did with climate emergency declarations, I invite other cities to join us and endorse the Plant Based Treaty."


Through its three core principles-Relinquish, Redirect and Restore-the treaty aims to halt the widespread degradation of critical ecosystems by freezing expansion of animal agriculture, promoting a shift to healthy, sustainable, plant-based diets, and the rewilding of natural habitats.


The decision has been made just ahead of the annual C40 World Mayors Summit, which convenes October 19-21 in Buenos Aires. Los Angeles is the second C40 City to endorse the Plant Based Treaty, following Buenos Aires' decision to endorse on August 9, 2022.


In addition to their support for the Los Angeles resolution, Councilmembers Koretz and Nithya Raman have personally endorsed the global Plant Based Treaty.


"LA is historically known to lead the nation in environmental trends," said Jane Velez-Mitchell, UnChainedTV founder and veteran journalist. "What happens in LA spreads to the rest of the world."


Ellen Dent, President of Animal Alliance Network, praised the Council, saying, "By passing the Plant Based Treaty Resolution, L.A. City councilmembers are upholding their promise of making the shift towards preventative climate change policy so directly needed for their constituents and beyond."


The Plant Based Treaty is critically needed as a companion to the Paris Agreement to hold governments and the animal agriculture industry accountable for greenhouse gas emissions from food production.


California is home to the country's largest dairy industry, with 1,400 dairies and around 1.7 million cows. According to the California Air Resources Board, which has a methane research program, animal farming is responsible for more than half of California's methane emissions.


"Earth's clock is at 100 seconds to midnight," said PawPAC Chair, René Rowland. "The impacts of climate change are upon us, and we are already experiencing its devastating effects. The importance of every locality joining to reverse this crisis cannot be stressed enough."




The Plant Based Treaty is modeled after the Fossil Fuel Non-Proliferation Treaty and inspired by treaties that have addressed the threats of ozone layer depletion and nuclear weapons. The initiative has received support from 19 cities, 59,000 individual endorsers, 5 Nobel laureates, IPCC scientists, more than 1800 NGOs, community groups and businesses.


The global movement is asking towns and cities to endorse the Plant Based Treaty to help pressure national governments to negotiate a global treaty that will:



Halt the global expansion of deforestation attributed to animal agriculture.


Incentivise a plant-based food system.


Encourage public information campaigns about the benefits of plant-based foods.


Free up land and waters to rewild, reforest, and restore the Earth's oceans.


Allow a just transition to more sustainable jobs, healthier people and a thriving planet.



For more information visit 


Editor's Note: Projected only a year ago to be growing by as much as 20% annually the plant-based meat market is trending sharply downward after briefly flattening in late 2021.  Revenues will fall short of the $6B forecast for 2022 and are being revised down significantly for 2030 when it was forecast to reach $25B.  It remains to be seen if Los Angeles will be a trend-setter or is simply behind the prevailing curve.  We, as plant producers, have something to gain in increased plant consumption but we also sell a lot of seed to grow crops utilized for feed too!  

Texas Seed Trade Association |